Although corporal punishment has been widely banned, the extent to which it continues to be used is difficult to determine. Countries that strictly observe Islamic law inflict both amputation and whipping as penalties. In South Africa, until the mids, males under twenty-one years of age could be whipped for any offense in lieu of other punishment, and adult males between the ages of twenty-one and thirty could be whipped either in addition to or instead of other punishment for many offenses, including robbery, rape, aggravated or indecent assault, burglary, and auto theft. In the s an annual average of adults were sentenced to "corporal punishment only. In Great Britain the Cadogan Committee, appointed in to review the application of corporal punishment, reported that this penalty had been abolished for criminal offenses by adults in every "civilized country" in the world except those whose criminal code was influenced by English criminal law—that is, in some of the British dominions and American states, where it could still be legally imposed for offenses by juveniles and for violations of prison discipline Cadogan Committee. The Advisory Council on the Treatment of Offenders ACTO reported in that corporal punishment had not been reintroduced in any country which had abolished it and that in those few countries which continued to prescribe such penalties various limitations had been introduced, so that infliction had become uncommon Advisory Council on the Treatment of Offenders.
[Experience of Icelandic adults of corporal punishment and abuse in childhood]
Effects of physical discipline linger for adults - CNN
The immediate aims of such punishment are usually to halt the offense, prevent its recurrence and set an example for others. The purported long-term goal is to change the child's behavior and to make it more consistent with the adult's expectations. In corporal punishment, the adult usually hits various parts of the child's body with a hand, or with canes, paddles, yardsticks, belts, or other objects expected to cause pain and fear. In , New Mexico became the most recent state to ban corporal punishment in public schools. Corporal Punishment has been found to occur more frequently with students who are male, poor, and ethnic minority OCR report.
A complicated and controversial issue, however, is where to draw the line between corporal punishment and physical abuse. Moreover, physical abuse appears to be part of a constellation of parenting behaviors that also includes authoritarian control, anxiety induction, and a lack of expressed warmth toward the child. One argument is that any form of corporal punishment constitutes physical abuse. Indeed, several countries have outlawed the use of corporal punishment. Children are to be treated with respect for their person and individuality and may not be subjected to corporal punishment or any other humiliating treatment.
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